Retrieved 3 March The modern word is from the Old Turkic verb or- to cut. It never occurs at the beginning of a word or a syllable, but always follows a vowel. Beko and Vestel are among the largest producers of consumer electronics and home appliances in Europe. Retrieved 9 August Retrieved 22 April
The territory of Turkey later fell to Alexander the Great in BC,  which led to increasing cultural homogeneity and Hellenization in the area.
Khashoggi suspects: Turkish newspaper publishes fresh images
Despite the increasingly prominent European presence, the Ottoman Empire's trade with the east continued to flourish until the second half of the 18th century. Turkey hand drawn illustration in engraving or woodcut style. The Council of State is the tribunal of last resort for administrative cases, and the High Court of Appeals for all others. Retrieved 6 April The Tanzimat reforms of the 19th century, which had been instituted by Mahmud IIwere aimed to modernise the Ottoman state in line with the progress that had been made in Western Europe. Archived from the original on 27 November